Banking sector reforms treading the minefield: rbi should reform nbfcs, infuse liquidity the capital market regulator has little or no role to play in the present circumstances. Scenario of indian banking sector in pre reform period banking is an ancient business in india initially, the growth of indian banks was very slow and also experienced periodic failures between 1913 and 1948. Banking sector reform since 1991 banking sector reforms were an important part of the broader agenda of structural economic reforms introduced in india in 1991 the first stage of reforms was shaped by the recommendations of the committee on the financial system (narasimham committee), which submitted its report in december 1991, suggesting. Reforms are still continuing and the recent amendments in the state bank of indi act, 1955 by way of the state bank of india (amendment) act of 2007 made on the recommendations of the narasimhan committee-ii on banking sector reforms is evidence to this fact.
42 banking sector reforms in pre liberalization era in india the objectives of a planned economy had always been conditioned and controlled by the monetary and banking policy. The main objective of indian banking sector reforms was to promote a diversified, efficient and competitive financial system with the ultimate goal of improving the allocative efficiency of resources through operational flexibility, improved financial viability and institutional strengthening. The banking sector reforms in india are aimed at introduction of best international practices and technological changes for making the indian banking sector competitive globally the indian banking system is more efficient and stable today. From the 1991 india economic crisis to its status of third largest economy in the world by 2011, india has grown significantly in terms of economic development so has its banking sector.
The banking sector, foreign exchange and government ii provides the rationale of financial sector reforms in india while policy reforms in the financial sector are. In conclusion, while reform policies have had positive effects on the performance of banks, especially public sector banks in india, the indian government has to take further steps to deregulate and liberalize the banking industry. The major banking sector reforms in india have started about two decades earlier, but their outcome is visible now with the adoption of liberalization, privatization and globalization measures helped to attain major changes in indian banking.
A globally competitive economy requires a robust and competitive banking system the present banking system is a result of reforms and policy changes that have taken place in the past pre-1991, india had nationalized banks in two phases in 1969 and 1980 it meant that public sector banks (psbs. The weaknesses of the banking system was extensively analyzed by the committee (1991) on financial sector reforms, headed by narasimham the committee found that banking system was both over-regulated and under-regulated. Indian banking sector reforms: review and prospects 169 role of reforms on the conduct of the indian banking sector then in section v, i review the effect of reforms on the performances of banking groups. Banking sector in the last three years under the prime minister narendra modi-led government may well have seen some big announcements but going just by the financial numbers in the banking sector.
However, the financial sector in india is predominantly a banking sector with commercial banks accounting for more than 64 per cent of the total assets held by the financial system the government of india has introduced several reforms to liberalise, regulate and enhance this industry. Banking sector reforms in india, policies and impacts 3362 words | 14 pages abstract on banking sector reforms in india policies and impacts the banking sector reforms in india were started as a follow up measures of the economic liberalization and financial sector reforms in the country. Banking sector reform in india home / essays / banking sector reform in india introduction it is widely believed1 that the reforms of 1991, both in the industrial.
Banking reform in india ∗ abhijit v banerjee†, shawn cole †,andestherduﬂo‡ june 2 0 0 4 1introduction measured by share of deposits, 83 percent of the banking business in india is in the hands of. The banking sector reforms in india were started as a follow up measures of the economic liberalization and financial sector reforms in the country the banking sector being the life line of the economy was treated with utmost importance in the financial sector reforms. Present an overview of banking sector reforms in india it is useful to very briefly recall the nature of the indian banking sector at the time of initiation of financial sector reforms in india in the early 1990s. Power sector debt reached rs 35 trillion (us$77 billion)—five percent of india's gdp—in 2011 study calls for action to free utilities and regulators from interference, apply rigor in pricing and collection summer temperatures in india were soaring when the world bank group released its review.