From 1882 to 1943 the united states government severely curtailed immigration from china to the united states this federal policy resulted from concern over the large numbers of chinese who had come to the united states in response to the need for inexpensive labor, especially for construction of the transcontinental railroad. The railroad companies preferred to hire chinese because they were hard workers and would work for a lower wage than white americans hundreds of chinese workers died due to explosions, cold weather, and avalanches. Railroad work and workers railroad work both for construction and operation constituted one of the most dangerous occupations in the united states, yet it also provided thousands of jobs across the nation. Construction train on the union pacific railroad, usa, 1868 getty images/oxford science archive/print collector/ with most of the country's able-bodied men on the battlefield, workers for the transcontinental railroad were initially in short supply. The united states is the top destination for chinese immigrants, accounting for 22 percent of the nearly 11 million chinese living outside of china, according to mid-2015 estimates by the united nations population division.
Beginning in the early 1870s, railroad construction in the united states increased dramatically prior to 1871, approximately 45,000 miles of track had been laid between 1871 and 1900, another 170,000 miles were added to the nation's growing railroad system. Site 42bo1134, chinese workers' camp, on the edge of the central paci äc railroad grade near promontory summit the image shows the location of a tent platform and rock clusters. Chinese immigration and the chinese exclusion acts in the 1850 s, chinese workers migrated to the united states, first to work in the gold mines, but also to take agricultural jobs, and factory work, especially in the garment industry.
The transcontinental railroad study guide by miami_catron includes 10 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Chinese workers had taken many of the lowest-paying jobs in railroad construction, farming, logging, mining, and fishing, but now those jobs were available to new immigrants some japanese looked for work in cities such as san francisco and los angeles, but many had grown up on farms in japan or hawaii, so they decided to pursue agricultural work. In 1865, after struggling with retaining workers due to the difficulty of the labor, charles crocker (who was in charge of construction for the central pacific) began hiring chinese laborers. In this lesson, we will discuss how the transcontinental railroad was built and how it changed the united states learn more about the challenges of building the railroad and why it was so.
The result was the baltimore and ohio railroad, the first railroad chartered in the united states there were great parades on the day the construction started there were great parades on the day the construction started. Nine out of 10 workers on the transcontinental railroad were chinese these indentured laborers, derogatorily called coolies, became a prime target for criticism in the mid-19th century. Those chinese workers should be honored and cheered today, just as they were by the railroad officials on the day the rails were joined, and their feat memorialized as it was in the famous painting of the event, the aj russell stereoview, as well as the earlier aa hart stereoviews commissioned by the railroad. Despite this, chinese laborers and other migrants still entered the united states illegally through canada and latin america, in a path known as the chinese underground railroad  at the beginning of the 20th century, surgeon general walter wyman requested to put san francisco's chinatown under quarantine because of an outbreak of bubonic plague the early stages of the san francisco plague of 1900-1904.
Railroad construction workers united states history 19th century juvenile literature foreign workers, chinese united states history 19th century juvenile literature united states emigration and immigration government policy history 19th century juvenile literature. - the underground railroad the underground railroad was one of the most remarkable protests against slavery in united states history it was a fight for personal survival, which many slaves lost in trying to attain their freedom. 1872: by this time, roughly 1,500 at least chinese workers are working on railways and telegraph lines in oregon, such as the northern pacific railway company, which began recruiting chinese in 1868, and the oregon railway and navigation company, which employed about 5,000 chinese on a construction job linking the northern pacific with wallula.
The transcontinental railroad connected the east and west coasts of the united states with a single rail line this had a profound impact on the nation as a whole, and on california—the end of the line—in particular. In 1882, the federal government passed the chinese exclusion act, which banned new chinese workers from entering the united states and prevented chinese immigrants who were already in the us from becoming citizens. Chinese worked on shorter railroad lines before construction of the transcontinental, such as the san francisco and san jose railroad company (now known as caltrain) completed in 1863. A stanford university team aims to discover, digitize, and make freely available historical documents and other materials concerning the contributions of chinese workers in building the transcontinental railroad in the united states.
Definition of the transcontinental railroad definition: the world's first transcontinental railroad was built between 1863 and 1869 to join the east of the united states on the atlantic coast with the west of the united states to the pacific coast. Chinese workers and the first transcontinental railroad of the united states of america by yen, tzu-kuei, st john's university (new york), 1977, 208 pages phd dissertation, proquest #7714436, pdf $38. Schivelbusch argues that changes to transportation in the united states were seen as efforts to civilize the wilderness rather than the destruction of non-mechanized culture since roads and other forms of transportation were minimal in many parts of the nation.